Summary of Findings
Based on reports from 600 LGAs, there is a minimal distribution of relief materials to citizens in the majority of states with either partial or full lock-down.
1. Economic Hardship: Citizens complained that the lockdown brought untold economic hardship. Most workers whose subsistence
is dependent on daily wages were grossly affected as their lifeline was cut short by the lockdown. This was worsened by the sudden hike in food prices In places where relief materials were distributed, they were either inadequate to cater to the target beneficiaries.
2. Discrimination in Distribution and Diversion of Palliatives: In some locations citizens monitors reported that relief materials were diverted by politicians or distributed to party members and supporters as opposed to poor and vulnerable in the society. None of our observers in the 600 LGA’s either received or heard of cash transfers to anyone in their community, ward, or local government area.
3. Possible Exclusion of Women: In locations where the distribution of relief material was conducted, women were excluded. The distributing teams failed to use an inclusive template to ensure women have equal access to the palliatives. In most cases, the distribution of palliatives is done according to households and given to the head of the household which in most cases are men.
4. Violation of Physical Distancing: Across all LGAs monitored, Yiaga Africa monitors, reported disregard for social or physical distancing guidelines. Most people are concerned about eking a living than observing physical distancing guidelines.
5. Public outreach on preventive measures: State-based organizations, community associations, and religious bodies are taking notable steps in sensitizing citizens and distributing protective materials like sanitizers, facemasks, and soap. The multi-stakeholder approach adopted for public sensitization is highly commendable.